K. S. BIRDI-----2017 ......................................................................................
2017....HANDBOOK OF SURFACE & COLLOID CHEMISTRY,
CRC PRESS, Boca Raton, USA
2017....SURFACE CHEMISTRY & GEOCHEMISTRY OF HYDRAULIC FRACTURING,
CRC PRESS, BocaRaton, USA
..............The Little Book of Chemistry of Life & Death......( Price 0.99 USD::::::::KINDLE: BARNES & NOBLE: ANDROID::::::EBOOK).....2011
17 SEPTEMBER 2011
xxxxx THE LITTLE BOOK OFxxxxxxxxxx
xxxxx OF xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
xxxxx LIFE & DEATH xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
xxxxx (IS God A CHEMIST)xxxxxxxxxxxxx
2.....IS THE CREATOR A CHEMIST
2a.....ELEMENTS OF UNIVERSE
2b.....MOLECULES OF LIFE
3.....THE PERIODIC TABLE & GOD
3a.....CHEMISTRY OF SUN
3b.....ABUNDANCE OF ELEMENTS IN THE EARTHS CRUST
4.....HYDROGEN, CARBON, OXYGEN, NITROGEN, PHOSPHOROUS & LIFE
4a.....LIPIDS & WATER & LIFE
4b.....WHY IS HUMAN BODY TEMPERATURE 37C
5.....WATER & LIFE & DEATH
5a.....WHY GOD ( THE CREATOR ) CHOOSE WATER
6.....EVOLUTION & LIFE & DEATH
6a.....RE-INCARNATION & LIFE & DEATH
7.....ROLE OF MAN IN THE UNIVERSE
Sophus Claussen. ( Danish scholar: 1865 - 1931 )..
... All atoms in the world demand to be given freedom .............
The philosophy of science is very important for the modern mankind. This little book initiates a series of postulates based upon the modern information which the philosophy of science explains about earth and the heaveans around us. The question every human mind asks himself is how did God make ( the Creator ) all that is around us on earth and the heavens. In all religious philosophy ( and spiritual philosophy ) one has pondered over the question related to life on earth and what happens to the soul after death. This requires the need for the existence of a Creator, the God. Therefore, no matter which religion one studies, they all agree upon the fact that ther exists a God who created the universe and all the matter that surrounds us. Actually, the primitive people before these religions came into being ( the old Egypt, Greek, Indians, Maya ) were already thousands of year ago worshipping some chosen elements of earth as being some super natural. Of-course, any explanation given in this regard will obviously depend on when this took place in the history. As all such spiritual explanations and philosophy are dependent on the basic information man had available at that particular moment. Our earth is some billion years old, so one has a very large time span where various evolution steps need to be considered ( Denton, 1986; Orgel, 1994 ). The purpose of this little book is to reflect on some of these steps in the creation where chemistry plays a very important role. Thus we discuss the possibilty that the Creator must be a chemist, in order to have choosen the steps where chemistry is known to be of importance. This assumption is based on the fact that even simple molecules, such as water, H2O, must have been selected based on its chemical characteristics. This may be compared to such facts that before Columbus proved that earth was round and a sphere, the big religions of the world all promoted that earth was flat. Therefore, as scientific developments added more detailed information on how life sustains with respect to body functions ( such as breathing, eating, health, disease, reproduction mechanisms ), these explanations are bound to get modified. Even the impact of the role of DNA ( deoxy nuclear ribonuclease: molecule which is known to control genetics ) is going to come into these religious and spiritual explanations. Even though sometimes it is not obvious, but actually the religous developments have always taken place in accord with new developments in science & technology. For instance, Adam and Eve did not know anything about how an atom was put together, nor imagined how to make a computer!
Based upon recent knowledge, it became pertinent that life & death need to be described in a new way, not only based upon spiritual beliefs, but also by other thinkers whose background may be of different nature, such as mathematics, physics, chemistry , biochemistry or sociology. Why this is so is the essence of this little book and will be amply delineated, perhaps for the first time in literature.
It must be emphasized here that in this book there is no intention of mention of any view in conflict between the different religion beliefs and the scientific context. If relgion is mentioned, it is merely to acknowledge the philosophy of religion and for discussion sake. Nor does this book in any way attempts to contradict or otherwise any religous belief at any level. The context in this book is purely neutral towards all religous beliefs and accepts these phiolosophical backgrounds totally and complete. There is more interest in discussing some spiritual beliefs, and the impact of science on the latter is mentioned wherever appropriate. The philosophy of science is in fact discussed with different spiritual beliefs in the back of mind.
In-fact, it will be argued that if God ( the Creator ) is considered to be a chemist then things are much simpler to describe. But that will be up to the reader to conclude after reading the last page. The important steps which the Creator must have taken can be described as follows. The matter is made up of some 90 basic elements ( hydrogen is the smallest; uranium is very large atom ). The smallest element;
Hydrogen is made up of :
one proton ( positively charged particle ) and
one electron ( a negatively charged particle ).
The heavier ( larger ) atoms consist of some combination of protons + neutrons + electrons, where neutron is a neutral particle.
> A simple suggestion for creation steps:
from protons - neutrons - electrons to today
( earth and heaven ).
The reader is not forced to accept this suggestion, and may proceed to consider some other suitable pathways. The most pertinent point to be considered is that when we analyze what life is all about, then Creator must have had many factors in mind before he:
x.......created protons / neutrons / electrons
xx......created atoms from protons / neutrons / electrons
xxx.....created molecules from atomic elements
xxxx....created water with peculiar properties
xxxxx...created lipids to start biological cells
xxxxxx..created cells with reproduction ability
xxxxxxx.and many other aspects of universe
These steps in creation show the basis of this book, where:
protons - neutrons - electrons
were produced to plan on creating living creatures on earth ( as far as we know today! )!
> Creation of living species on earth from proton - neutron - electron.
This means that if we consider human body and ask what it is made of, then we must accept that it is basically made up of :
protons - neutrons - electrons.
This goes for all human being, every man and woman and child.
We are all alike!
( as far as protons - neutrons - electrons is concerned ) !
In other words, when two humans look at each other there is no difference, other than numbers of protons ? neutrons ? electrons due to weight diffrence between the two subjects. Perhaps, this is the same way how the Creator looks upon these two human beings.
Further, the various aspects of the material things we see about us may attract our attention, such as how these things may be used in everday life. And the beauty of form or color these materials may possess, or the kind of materials these are made of.
It will be shown that the elements as one finds in the universe, such as hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous and so on, cannot predict from any laws of physics that one can then have life ( as one finds on earth ). Because, one can easily perhaps predict that starting from 2 atoms of hydrogen and one oxygen one can make a stable molecule of liquid water at one atmosphere pressure and 25 C temperature. But no laws of physics can tell us today that a molecule of lecithin ( made up of C, H, O, N, P ) will disperse into water and form a vesicle ( which is the beginning of a simple biological cell!!).
Another example can be given:
> how one can ever predict from looking at these atoms that the normal human body temperature will be exactly 37 C!
> From proton - neutron - electron to human body temperature ( 37C ).
It is the aim of this book to describe these phenomena as seen by the Creator ( who could ( must ) be a chemist! ). Or why the air we breathe is composed of oxygen ( 20% ) mixed with 80% nitrogen. Oxygen is necessary for the body metabolism which creates heat and is related to the body temperature control together with evaporation of water from the surface of human body. Air consists of only small amounts of carbon dioxide, CO2, but it is sufficient to produce all the vegetation we 6 billion people need ( for food; fruits; etc ). CO2 is actually the most essential gas in air for maintaining life on earth.
On the other hand, the subject of chemistry of life will attempt to explain this, and that is the purpose of this book. The reason for the latter is that while physics is limited to merely the study of the periodical table, the science and philosophy of chemistry is to see the next step in nature when small molecules ( water, sugar, cholesterol ) and large molecules ( proteins, DNA, cellulose, mucin, hemoglobin ) start to interact.
This may be compared to that the subject of physics tells how to make a brick, while chemistry tells how to make a house. One must keep in mind that the scope of this book is limited and therefore these statements are of very general type and need modifications. However, due to the scope of this book the statements will be made in general type, while modifications will be described in very short terms throught the book.
Further, there will be no discussion about why man is here on the earth and other philosophies. Because we will concern about how the building blocks as used by God became available. Further, if man was created by God for some fixed purpose then there would not have been any need for him ( man ) to discover the wheel or the car or the computer chip with such large time gaps in between these inventions. But since these developments do take place all along, then we can just agree that human brain development is not static since the day he was created ( by God ). It must be emphasized that God is omnipresent and must be taking active part in these developments. This concept is accepted by all the different world religions. Another pertinent point is, why should man be created and then allowed to develop his brain continously. Why is this transition continous and who has planned all this, and for what purpose. If we compare the brains of Adam and Eve with those as found in modern mankind, it is hard to accept why and what about the creation of man on earth.
The most pertinent point of interest here is also that the present discussion assumes that the reader accepts that there exists some super natural power ( the God : Creator ). Indeed, the Creator may be given any name as one finds suitable. The main function of the Creator has been to create the universe and the life around us.
Even early scientists have pondered about these ideas as for example Robert Boyle:
Robert Boyle's definition of elements is found in his book:
The Skeptical Chemist, the most important book about chemistry ever published. Robert told about his experiments in an easy-to-read style.
A friend remarked:
> "You make the study of nature seem so simple," the friend said. Robert Boyle explained,
"God would not have made the universe as it is unless He intended us to understand it." <
This little book carries these scientific philosophical thoughts further and offers for the sake of discussion some chemical ideas for the layman and all others. The basic ideas are kept at a very simple and well known concepts.